Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Indonesian archipelago is located on the meeting point of three tectonic plates, they are Indo-­‐Australian,  Eurasian, and Pacific. As a result, not only that the nation is prone to earthquake and tsunami, Indonesia is also subject to volcanic eruptions. The latest major eruptions were November 2010 Mount Merapi in Central Java and February 2014 both Sinabung in North Sumatera and Kelud in East Java. The latter blanketed more than half of Java and forced the government to close 9 airports, including the busy Bali and Surabaya airport.

 Besides major disaster above, in a more local scale Indonesia faces various developmental challenges such as flood, tropical cyclone, landslide, and wildfires. The   latter   leads   to   regional   tensions   with   neighboring   countries,   especially Singapore and Malaysia, due to haze and its health deterioration. South East Asian haze has occurred almost annually from 2005. Moreover, Indonesia is also exposed with non-­‐natural disasters, such as bird flu and swine flu outbreak.

 In the upcoming future, Indonesian archipelago might subject to impact of climate change,  particularly  sea  level  rise.  The  country  hosted  United  Nations  Climate Change Conference on December 2007 to raise global awareness of future climate change effect. Based on government analysis, more than 80% of area in Indonesia is prone  to  disaster  due  to  aspects  such  as  geography,  geology,  hydrology,  and demographic.

Successful disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation requires enhanced public and private capacity to analyze disasters and climate threats at several geographic  scales,  engage  in  education  of  key  policy  makers,  agency  officials, business,  community,  and  NGO  leaders  and  citizens  on  the  threats,  opportunities and   costs   of   local   adaptation.   Successful   local   adaptation   will   also   require developing the analytic and community outreach strategies required for the design of adaptive strategies to build disaster resilience by means of accommodation, enhanced protection and strategic retreat from some areas increasingly threatened by the impacts of climate change. Successful adaptation also requires evaluation of adaptation alternatives and strategic investments in short and long-­‐term efforts to build resilience. Since addressing climate change is fundamentally a governance issue, careful analysis of institutional capacity is also a fundamental prerequisite of successful adaptation plans.

 University of Hawaii, Institut Teknologi Bandung and Khairun University agreed to conduct training program designed to focus on essential skills and knowledge required for effective design and implementation of local disaster risk reduction and climate resilience building activities. The training combines key conceptual frameworks, practical group exercises, and case study analysis designed to promote active learning. The outcome would be training curriculum adapted for the Indonesian context.

The goal of this workshop is to increase the capacity of institutions (universities, government, and civil society groups) to support communities in North Maluku province to develop and implement strategies to increase resilience to disasters and climate change. The workshop will then be followed by a Symposium led by the national government’s Ministry of Villages, Transmigration, and Underdeveloped Regions.

 

Participants for the workshop will include universities from North Maluku, local government  from  the  Provincial  and  District  levels,  and  NGOs  active  in  North Maluku. The network of universities will be convened through the Forum for Higher Education on DRR of North Maluku, which is led by Universitas Khairun (UnKhair) and has membership from four other universities in North Maluku. Three NGOs will also attend. Workshop participants will present their findings at the symposium, which will take place at the end of the workshop on 3 August, 2016. The Symposium will convene key government institutions at several different levels (National, Provincial, District, and Villages) with the objectives of supporting DRR in Eastern Indonesia.

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